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Vipavski Križ

Historic Walking Areas · Sacred & Religious Sites
Vipavski Križ is a settlement on a small hill in the Vipava Valley in the Municipality of Ajdovščina in the Littoral region of Slovenia. It is one of the historically most interesting places in the area. There is evidence of habitation on the hill in the pre-Roman period. The settlement was first mentioned in written documents dating to the 13th century. The houses in the village are clustered inside a defence wall around a castle from the late 15th century. It was built to protect the residents against Ottoman raids. In 1532 Vipavski Križ was declared a town. In 1636 a Capuchin monastery with a rich library was founded in the town and it is now open to visitors.NameThe name of the settlement was changed from Sveti Križ to Vipavski Križ in 1955. The name was changed on the basis of the 1948 Law on Names of Settlements and Designations of Squares, Streets, and Buildings as part of efforts by Slovenia’s postwar communist government to remove religious elements from toponyms.Parish churchThe parish church in the settlement is dedicated to the Exaltation of the Cross and belongs to the Diocese of Koper.Notable peopleTobia Lionelli (Janez Svetokriški; 1647–1714), Slovene preacherRudolf Perhinek (1906–1982), Yugoslav military officer, Chetnik
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